The world population is becoming heavier, and each year the situation is worsening. The United Nations says there are now more overweight people in the world than starving people. In most of the world, a BMI above 30 is taken to mean the person is obese.
Many features of modern life promote weight gain. In short, our today’s environment encourages us to eat more and exercise less. For overweight women living with excess pounds can be heartbreaking.
Not only are there health costs associated with obesity, other consequences of being obese can be split into three groups, physical, psychological and social. The consequences of obesity for physical health are well established (including hypertension, heart disease and stroke, Type 2 diabetes, gallbladder disease, chronic fatigue, asthma, sleep apnea and some forms of cancer), but the impact on mental psychological well-being is much less clear.
Prejudice against obese individuals begins early in life. Children as young as 6 years may associate negative stereotypes with excess weight and believe that a heavy child is simply less likable. Overweight kids are more likely to have depression and low self-esteem, to be teased or bullied, and to bully other children. For instance, kids who are overweight they internalize others’ feedback, ‘You looks like a pig, you’re fat! no one wants to play with you.’ That contributes to anxiety and depression. Kids with weight problems from the start as early as pre-school were more likely to be sad, lonely and to worry than preschoolers without extra poundage. Moreover, as overweight kids entered higher grades, these feelings just got worse. They may find it challenging to play outside at recess, keep up with friends at the park, or wear the latest styles.
Obesity-related stigma persists through adolescence and adulthood. Overweight and obesity are terribly stigmatizing conditions, regardless of age. The social stigma attached to being overweight can be as damaging as the physical diseases and conditions that often accompany obesity. Teens tend to be very aware of how they compare to others. Many of these social comparisons hinge on superficial features, such as clothing choice, facial attractiveness and of course, weight. Therefore, an obese teen may feel out of place among his or her slimmer peers.
Modern culture is singular in the way that it worships youthful slim, toned bodies. With rare exceptions, only thin, proportional bodies are considered sexy. Heavy teenagers and adults might face discrimination based solely on their weight. This lead to overweight teen often have lower self-esteem and tend to feel lonely, sad, and nervous. They are also more likely to smoke and consume alcohol and may be socially isolated.
Overall, Overweight kids have a harder time interacting with other kids, they’re chosen less often as preferred playmates, they have lower self-esteem, they get bullied and teased, and they have to deal with negative stereotypes and discrimination throughout life. Obese kids and teens who experience low self-esteem during childhood and adolescence often carry these feelings into adulthood.
Adulthood obesity is also associated with depression such as the emotional feeling of failing to lose weight and the feeling hopelessness, anxiety caused by bullying and teasing by others and poor self-esteem causing many people to avoid participating in physical activities altogether.
People who suffer from psychological disorders (e.g. depression, anxiety, and eating disorders) may have more difficulty controlling their consumption of food, exercising an adequate amount, and maintaining a healthy weight. For some individuals, nutritional education, lifestyle guidance, exercise plans, behavioral-mindful eating techniques, and trigger analysis, or discovering what circumstances trigger the desire to eat, are exactly what is needed.
Many medications have been used to manage obesity over the years. However, most of the anti-obesity drugs that were approved and marketed have now been withdrawn due to serious adverse effects. There are many drugs for obesity that have come and gone, but only a few have stood the test of time. Phentermine is one that has been around since the 1950s.
If you’re obese and are at the end of your ropes looking for weight loss help, Phentermine therapy is a very important stage in fight against obesity. Just keep in mind that lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise intervention are essential for both prevention and management of obesity